IntelligenceOpen Source Intelligence (OSINT) is any unclassified information, in any medium, that is generally available to the public, even if its distribution is limited or only available upon payment.
When reporting on OSINT you should consider and include;
- Is the website an authoritative source or not
- Who is the registered owner of the website
- When does the information date from
- Have you identified the IP Addresses linked to any Social Networking comments
- Is the information believed to be genuine or not
- Could it be misinformation or a joke
When dealing with OSINT then it should be analysed & treated like any other Intelligence. The following links may help in your analysis.
- The US Army's Open Source Intelligence report dating from 2012, which includes on page 22, a guide to
rating Open Source Reliability & Credibility
- NATO's Open Source Intelligence Reader, OSINT Handbook and Intelligence Exploitation of the Internet
which date from 2001/2002 but are still a relevant read
- The CIA's breakdown of OSINT
- The NSA's report on untangling the web
- The US Congress report on Open Source Intelligence
- The ACPO / NPIA Manual of Guidance on the Management Of Police Information, dating from 2010,
including the 5x5x5 Information/Intelligence Reporting system used by the Police in the UK and the
ACPO Good Practice Guide for Digital Evidence dating from 2012.
- Police Scotland Internet, Research & Investigations Standard Operating Procedures, dating from 2013
and slightly redacted but still useful.
- The 2013 / 2014 Annual Report from the Chief Surveillance Commissioner report on the use of online
social networking sites (page 20) by law enforcement in the UK.
- The ACPO Guidance on Online Research & Investigation, & Supplement, which dates from 2013
- The NPCC Digital Investigation and Intelligence Guide, which dates from 2015
- The NPCC Guidance On Open Source Investigations / Research, redacted and dating from 2015
- The Metropolitan Police Internet & Social Media Use Guidance, which was obtained from a previous
Freedom Of Information request
- The Trading Standards Intelligence Operating Model, which was produced in 2013 by the National Trading
Standards Board and introduced a National Intelligence Framework to support the work of Trading Standards